Ketamine, but not propofol, anaesthesia is
regulated by metabotropic glutamate 5 receptors

by
Sou JH, Chan MH, Chen HH.
Institute of Pharmacology and Toxicology,
Tzu Chi University Hualien,
Taiwan, R.O.C.
Br J Anaesth. 2006 May;96(5):597-601.


ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Group I metabotropic glutamate receptors (mGluRs) have been reported to regulate N-methyl-d-aspartate (NMDA) receptor function in various brain regions. The selective mGluR5 antagonist 2-methyl-6-(phenylethynyl)-pyridine (MPEP) can potentiate NMDA antagonists such as PCP and MK-801-induced behavioural responses. In the present study, the role of group I mGluRs on ketamine- and propofol-induced general anaesthesia was examined. METHODS: Mice were pretreated with various doses of the group I mGluR agonist (S)-3,5-dihydroxyphenylglycine (DHPG), selective mGluR5 agonist (RS)-2-chloro-5-hydroxyphenylglycine (CHPG), mGluR1 antagonist 7-(hydroxyimino)cyclopropa[b]chromen-1a-carboxylate ethyl ester (CPCCOEt) and mGluR5 antagonist MPEP followed by administration of ketamine (120 mg kg(-1)) or propofol (140 mg kg(-1)) to induce anaesthesia. The duration of loss of righting reflex was recorded. RESULTS: DHPG and CHPG antagonized and MPEP potentiated ketamine-induced anaesthesia in a dose-dependent manner. CPCCOEt was ineffective. However, propofol-induced anaesthesia was not affected after manipulating mGluR1 and mGluR5 receptors. CONCLUSIONS: mGluR5 receptors play an important role in modulation of anaesthesia induced by ketamine, but not propofol.

Review
Anaesthesia
Beyond the K-hole
Anaesthesia and anaesthetics
Ketamine and opiate withdrawal
Ketamine and the nucleus accumbens
Ketamine: medical and non-medical use
The role of ketamine in pain management
Ketamine and the glutaminergic hypothesis of schizophrenia
Low-dose ketamine as a fast-onset, long-acting antidepressant


Refs
and further reading

HOME
HedWeb
Nootropics
erythroxylum-coca.com
Future Opioids
BLTC Research
MDMA/Ecstasy
Superhapiness?
Utopian Surgery?
The Abolitionist Project
The Hedonistic Imperative
The Reproductive Revolution
Critique of Huxley's Brave New World

The Good Drug Guide
The Good Drug Guide

The Responsible Parent's Guide
To Healthy Mood Boosters For All The Family